The Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) of 1980 established, within OMB, [OIRA]. (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35. Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980.) It requires the Director of OMB to appoint an Administrator as head of OIRA and makes the Director responsible for any functions delegated to the Administrator about the development and implementation of federal information policies and standards.
The Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) of 1995 gives OMB authority over the collection of certain information by Federal agencies. It is intended, “among other things, to ‘ensure the greatest possible public benefit from and maximize the utility of information created, collected, maintained, used, shared and disseminated by or for the Federal Government’ and to ‘improve the quality and use of Federal information to strengthen decision-making, accountability, and openness in Government and society.’” (OMB. Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies, And Independent Regulatory Agencies. 4/7/2010.) The Act requires agencies to plan for the development of new collections of information and the extension of ongoing collections well in advance of sending an information collection request to OMB. Agencies must:
Although the scope of the PRA has changed over the years, its underlying policy standards remain the same. The PRA seeks to: